Whole Foods Market Inc. won the dismissal of a lawsuit by a well-known animal rights group that accused the grocery chain of deceiving consumers into believing the meat it sells is raised more humanely than normal, resulting in overcharges.
People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals said the use by Whole Foods of a five-step rating system for beef, chicken, pork, and turkey was a “sham” because it was not enforced against suppliers, and the standards were at best little better than normal industry practices.
In a decision on April 26, U.S. Magistrate Judge Nathanael Cousins in San Jose, Calif., said PETA failed to show that Whole Foods’ alleged misrepresentations on in-store signs, placards, and napkins defrauded consumers into overpaying.
Cousins said statements such as “great-tasting meat from healthy animals” and “raised right tastes right” amounted to permissible “puffery” by the Austin, Texas-based company.
He also said the statement that “no cages” were used to raise broiler chickens was not misleading merely because Whole Foods failed to also disclose that poultry suppliers normally do not use cages in the first place.
“Retailers do not have a duty to disclose product information unless it relates to a consumer safety issue,” and PETA did not raise any such issues, Cousins wrote.
The lawsuit was brought by PETA and Lori Grass of Portola Valley, Calif., a town south of San Francisco. It sought class-action status for California consumers who bought Whole Foods meat products over four years.
“There is still no question that Whole Foods is misleading well-meaning shoppers into buying meat falsely labeled ‘humane,'” PETA said in a statement. “This is a developing area of the law, and we are considering how we want to proceed.”
Whole Foods did not immediately respond on April 27 to requests for comment.
The case is People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals et al v. Whole Foods Market California Inc et al, U.S. District Court, Northern District of California, No. 15-04301.