The variation in date labeling terms and uses contributes to misunderstanding by industry and consumers and leads to unnecessary food loss and waste, misapplication of limited resources, unnecessary financial burden for the consumer and food industry, and may also lead to potential food safety risk in regards to perishable foods. This paper provides an introduction to the issue of food product date labeling and its history in the U.S., different terms used and various practices, U.S. and international frameworks, quality compared with safety, adverse impacts of misconceptions about date labeling, and advantages of technological innovations. Conclusions include a call to action to move toward uniformity, thereby decreasing confusion among stakeholders and reducing food waste. CLICK here for complete article. Comprehensive Reviews in Food Science and Food Safety, Volume 13, Issue 4, pages 745–769, July 2014.