Access to clean drinking water is a human right, however, providing safe drinking water to India’s teeming millions is a challenge of no small proportion. According to a report by WaterAid, an international organization working to provide water sanitation and hygiene, more than 80 percent of India’s surface water is polluted. Waste and industrial effluents are dumped into rivers, seas, and lakes. Agricultural run-offs that contain pesticides and fertilizers, road run-off, industrial leaks, and the most horrific, untreated sewage flow into water bodies. Additionally, rapid depletion of ground water, variability of terrain in India, and incongruity in the quality of raw water treatment intensify this cocktail of issues that continues to derail drinking water purification and water testing systems in the country.
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